History Of Technology Engineering

Read e-book online On Mars: Exploration of the Red Planet, 1958-1978--The NASA PDF

By Edward Clinton Ezell,Linda Neuman Ezell,Paul Dickson

ISBN-10: 0486467570

ISBN-13: 9780486467573

Although it used to be purely designed for a ninety-day floor undertaking, the Viking 1 lander eventually transmitted technology messages to Earth for seven years. This authoritative heritage chronicles the outstanding achievements of the Viking software in the course of its first 3 many years. Commissioned by way of NASA, it recounts the occasions surrounding the 1st planetary touchdown on Earth's closest neighbor and the 1st on-site look for facts of extraterrestrial existence. It additionally portrays a human drama during which hundreds of thousands of execs from govt, undefined, and academia joined jointly to complete the probably impossible.
This historical past starts with a survey of the traits that make the outside and surroundings of Mars major objectives for medical research. A retrospective of NASA's Mariner software follows, detailing the sequence of robot interplanetary probes that resulted in the initiation of the Viking software in 1968. The authors hint the resultant technological advancements, together with the 1st lander autos and orbiter. additionally they profile the cooperation of managerial, technical, and clinical groups through the mission's data-gathering and research levels. the ultimate chapters define the medical result of the Viking investigations, research many of the unresolved questions, and examine attainable destiny explorations. Dozens of photographs taken via Viking cameras remove darkness from the textual content.

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New PDF release: Mankind Beyond Earth: The History, Science, and Future of

By Claude A. Piantadosi

ISBN-10: 0231162421

ISBN-13: 9780231162425

ISBN-10: 023116243X

ISBN-13: 9780231162432

Seeking to reenergize americans’ ardour for the gap software, the worth of extra exploration of the Moon, and the significance of people at the ultimate frontier, Claude A. Piantadosi provides a wealthy heritage of yank area exploration and its significant achievements. He emphasizes the significance of reclaiming nationwide command of our manned application and carrying on with our unmanned area missions, and he stresses the numerous adventures that also watch for us within the unfolding universe. Acknowledging house exploration’s functional and monetary hindrances, Piantadosi demanding situations us to revitalize American management in house exploration as a way to achieve its clinical bounty. Piantadosi explains why area exploration, a charming tale of ambition, invention, and discovery, can be more and more tricky and why area specialists consistently appear to disagree. He argues that the way forward for the distance application calls for merging the practicalities of exploration with the restrictions of human biology. house technological know-how offers with the unknown, and the margin (and finances) for errors is small. deadly near-vacuum stipulations, lethal cosmic radiation, microgravity, massive distances, and hugely scattered assets stay titanic actual difficulties. To forge forward, the United States must strengthen cheap house transportation and versatile exploration recommendations established in sound technological know-how. Piantadosi closes with feedback for achieving those ambitions, combining his fit skepticism as a scientist with an unshakable trust in space’s untapped—and completely worthwhile—potential.

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Download e-book for kindle: The Road Taken: The History and Future of America's by Henry Petroski

By Henry Petroski

ISBN-10: 1531864929

ISBN-13: 9781531864927

ISBN-10: 163286360X

ISBN-13: 9781632863607

ISBN-10: 1632863626

ISBN-13: 9781632863621

Acclaimed engineer and historian Henry Petroski explores our middle infrastructure from either historic and modern views, explaining how crucial their upkeep is to America's monetary health and wellbeing. Petroski finds the genesis of the various elements of America's street system--our interstate numbering procedure, the centerline that divides roads, and such taken-for-granted gadgets as guardrails, cease symptoms, and site visitors lights--all the most important to our nationwide and native infrastructure.

A compelling paintings of background, The street Taken can also be an pressing clarion name geared toward americans, politicians, and an individual with a vested curiosity in our fiscal health. actual infrastructure within the usa is crumbling, and Petroski unearths the complicated and difficult interaction among executive and inherent in significant infrastructure development. the line we soak up the subsequent decade towards rebuilding our getting older infrastructure will largely make certain our destiny nationwide prosperity.

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Download e-book for iPad: American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of Science by John Krige

By John Krige

ISBN-10: 0262112973

ISBN-13: 9780262112970

ISBN-10: 0262612259

ISBN-13: 9780262612258

In 1945, the U.S. used to be not just the most powerful monetary and army strength on the planet; it used to be additionally the world's chief in technology and know-how. In American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of technology in Europe, John Krige describes the efforts of influential figures within the usa to version postwar medical practices and associations in Western Europe on these in the US. They mobilized political and fiscal help to advertise not only America's clinical and technological agendas in Western Europe yet its chilly battle political and ideological agendas as well.Drawing at the paintings of diplomatic and cultural historians, Krige argues that this try at clinical dominance by way of the us should be visible as a kind of "consensual hegemony," regarding the collaboration of influential neighborhood elites who shared American values. He makes use of this inspiration to investigate a sequence of case stories that describe how the U.S. management, senior officials within the Rockefeller and Ford Foundations, the NATO technological know-how Committee, and influential contributors of the clinical institution -- significantly Isidor I. Rabi of Columbia college and Vannevar Bush of MIT -- attempted to Americanize medical practices in such fields as physics, molecular biology, and operations study. He info U.S. help for associations together with CERN, the Niels Bohr Institute, the French CNRS and its laboratories at Gif close to Paris, and the never-established "European MIT." Krige's learn exhibits how consensual hegemony in technology not just served the pursuits of postwar eu reconstruction yet turned otherwise of holding American management and "making the realm secure for democracy."

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Download e-book for iPad: To the Digital Age: Research Labs, Start-up Companies, and by Ross Knox Bassettm

By Ross Knox Bassettm

ISBN-10: 0801868092

ISBN-13: 9780801868092

ISBN-10: 0801886392

ISBN-13: 9780801886393

The metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) transistor is the elemental component to electronic electronics. The thousands and thousands of transistors in a customary domestic -- in own desktops, cars, home equipment, and toys -- are just about all derive from MOS transistors. To the electronic Age examines for the 1st time the background of this outstanding machine, which overthrew the formerly dominant bipolar transistor and made electronic electronics ubiquitous. Combining technological with company historical past, To the electronic Age examines the breakthroughs of person innovators in addition to the study and improvement energy (and difficulties) of huge businesses similar to IBM, Intel, and Fairchild.

Bassett discusses how the MOS transistor used to be invented yet spurned at Bell Labs, after which how, within the early Sixties, spurred on through the probabilities of built-in circuits, RCA, Fairchild, and IBM all introduced mammoth MOS R & D courses. the advance of the MOS transistor concerned an industry-wide attempt, and Bassett emphasizes how communique between researchers from assorted companies performed a serious position in advancing the recent know-how. Bassett sheds big new gentle at the improvement of the built-in circuit, Moore's legislation, the good fortune of Silicon Valley start-ups compared to vertically built-in East Coast businesses, the advance of the microprocessor, and IBM's multi-billion-dollar losses within the early Nineties. To the electronic Age deals an enthralling account of the problematic R & D technique at the back of a technological machine that reworked smooth society.

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Get Darwinian Heresies PDF

By Abigail Lustig,Robert J. Richards,Michael Ruse

ISBN-10: 0521815169

ISBN-13: 9780521815161

In Darwinian Heresies, which was once initially released in 2004, widespread historians and philosophers of technological know-how hint the historical past of evolutionary notion, and problem some of the assumptions that experience equipped up through the years. masking quite a lot of matters beginning within the eighteenth century, Darwinian Heresies brings us in the course of the time of Charles Darwin and the starting place, after which throughout the 20th century to the current. it is strongly recommended that Darwin's actual roots lie in Germany, no longer his local England, that Russian evolutionism is extra major than many are ready to permit, and that the real impression on twentieth-century evolution biology was once now not Charles Darwin in any respect, yet his often-despised modern, Herbert Spencer. the gathering used to be meant to curiosity, to excite, to infuriate, and to stimulate extra work.

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Uwe H. Sueltz's Compact Cassettes Milestones - Philips 1963 - 1999 - PDF

By Uwe H. Sueltz

ISBN-10: 3743142899

ISBN-13: 9783743142893

during this photo booklet I express PHILIPS Compact Cassettes from 1963 to 1999.
I additionally exhibit the unknown one-hole cassette. PHILIPS by no means released it. The Compact Cassette, through crew Lou Ottens, was once chosen in 1962.
In the second one half, I convey a range from A to Z, from 1963 to 2017. either components additionally seem individually in colour in Europe.

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Read e-book online The Mantra of Efficiency: From Waterwheel to Social Control PDF

By Jennifer Karns Alexander

ISBN-10: 0801886937

ISBN-13: 9780801886935

Efficiency—associated with person self-discipline, more suitable administration, and elevated earnings or productivity—often counts as one of many maximum virtues in Western tradition. yet what does it suggest, precisely, to be effective? How did this idea evolve from a way for comparing basic machines to the chant of development and a prerequisite for success?

In this provocative and bold research, Jennifer Karns Alexander explores the starting to be energy of potency within the post-industrial West. analyzing the methods the concept that has seemed in smooth history—from a benign degree of the thermal financial system of a laptop to its common program to private behaviors like chewing conduct, spending offerings, and store flooring routine to its debatable use as a degree of the company luck of yankee slavery—she argues that underneath efficiency's doubtless never-ending kind lies a typical subject: the pursuit of mastery via innovations of surveillance, self-discipline, and keep an eye on.

Six ancient case studies—two from Britain, one each one from France and Germany, and from the United States—illustrate the concept's attention-grabbing improvement and supply context for the meanings of, and makes use of for, potency this present day and within the future.

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New PDF release: Portsmouth Firefighting (Images of America)

By Steven E. Achilles

ISBN-10: 0738562106

ISBN-13: 9780738562100

ISBN-10: 1531640338

ISBN-13: 9781531640330

In September 1756, with basically hearth buckets, hand tubs, and citizen volunteers safeguarding the Colonial seaport, Portsmouth determined to arrange and keep watch over its hearth safeguard. via 1852, the Portsmouth hearth division boasted six suction engines and in 1864 entered the age of steam energy whilst the 1st steam fireplace engine used to be added. Disastrous fires and a starting to be urban required the dep. to modernize because it moved into the twentieth century. The department�s first motorized engine was once bought in 1912, and by way of 1921, there has been a brand new valuable hearth station in addition to a brand new gasoline-powered ladder truck. via an excellent selection of pictures, Portsmouth Firefighting richly illustrates the tale and culture of a hearth division endlessly attached to its courageous firefighters, their fantastic fireplace engines, and the astounding blazes they fought.

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Theater of the Mind: Imagination, Aesthetics, and American by Neil Verma PDF

By Neil Verma

ISBN-10: 0226853500

ISBN-13: 9780226853505

ISBN-10: 0226853519

ISBN-13: 9780226853512

For generations, fanatics and critics have characterised vintage American radio drama as a “theater of the mind.” This e-book unpacks that characterization by means of recasting the radio play as a cultured item inside its targeted historic context. In Theater of the Mind, Neil Verma applies an array of severe how to greater than six thousand recordings to supply a bright new account of radio drama from the melancholy to the chilly War.

In this sweeping exploration of dramatic conventions, Verma investigates mythical dramas through the likes of Norman Corwin, Lucille Fletcher, and Wyllis Cooper on key courses starting from The Columbia Workshop, The Mercury Theater at the Air, and Cavalcade of America to Lights Out!, Suspense, and Dragnet to bare how those courses promoted and advanced a chain of types of the imagination.

With shut readings of person sound results and charts of extensive traits between codecs, Verma not just offers us a brand new account of the main flourishing kind of style fiction within the mid-twentieth century but additionally offers a robust case for the critical position of the aesthetics of sound within the background of recent experience.

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